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Don’t Settle for Downtime

Innovative Data Storage Can Save Cash, Headaches, and Your Data

Storage Downtime is Unacceptable

When the network goes down, everyone is mildly annoyed, but when the storage goes down,  “Everyone loses their mind, ” as the Joker would say.  And for good reason. No one likes losing payroll data, shipments, customer information, financial transactions, or CRM information… And they certainly don’t like waiting while you roll back to your latest backup. Internally and externally, data-loss and downtime wastes valuable resources and it hurts company reputation. Downtime is becoming less acceptable every day, and data-loss, even more so. Stable, safe, and secure storage should be a priority for those responsible for protecting their business (just ask Equifax).

Traditional Solutions

Due to the increasing need for high availability (HA) and disaster recovery (DR), proprietary storage companies like NetApp and Dell EMC have provided SAN and NAS technologies to protect your organization’s most important data. These hardware appliances, many times, have no single point of failure, synchronous data replication and even a nice GUI so that users can point-and-click their way around. The downside? These storage appliances aren’t scalable and they are expensive. Really expensive.

The Obvious (or not so obvious) Alternative

Did you know that resiliency is built into your Linux OS? That’s right, built into the mainline linux kernel is everything you need to replace your shared storage. For over 15 years, LINBIT has been creating the DRBD software, designed to synchronously replicate data between Linux servers seamlessly just like your SAN. It can even trick the application above to believing they are writing to a SAN, when in reality, it is standard X86, ARM, or Power boxes. The full LINBIT HA solution combines the DRBD software with open source fail-over software as well. This combination eliminates the need for proprietary shared storage solutions. So, why aren’t you using it? You probably didn’t know that it existed.

 

For the past 20 years, those with IT know-how, and small budgets found that HA clustering, using commodity off-the-shelf hardware, was an affordable alternative to traditional storage methods. This crowd consisted of the standard Linux hacker rolling out a home-brewed web-server, and the hyperscale players who didn’t want to rely on outside vendors to build their cloud. Being that these hyperscale companies are using the software to create a competative advantage against their competitors they aren’t all-that-eager to share their stories. They have kept the mid-market in the dark.

Almost all of the major players (including Google, Cisco, Deka Bank, HP, Porsche, and the BBC) have realized that using standard hardware instead of proprietary appliances creates a competitive advantage. Namely: inexpensive resilient storage that their competitors are paying an arm and a leg for. Now, the storage industry’s best kept secret is finally out.

It Doesn’t Stop There

LINBIT is pioneering open source SDS. In development for over 7 years, the new solution will create standard High Availability clusters like described above, and also work perfectly for cloud storage. The LINBIT SDS software introduces performance advantages scalability to the  design. LINBIT’s created a sort of “Operating System based,” Open Source, Software Defined Storage technology that is already built into your existing operating system and ready to use with any Linux system.

The Default Replication Option

LINBIT’s DRBD software receives about 10,000 confirmed downloads per month (people who opt-in to show their statistics). LINBIT is far more engineering and development focused than sales focused so if you aren’t solving a real-world problem you have probably never ran into them. LINBIT’s software popularity is user driven, and due to 3 main reasons:

Flexibility: Since the DRBD software replicates data at the block level, it works with any filesystem, VM, or application that writes data to a hard drive. It can replicate multiple resources simultaneously so users don’t have to choose different replication technologies for every application/database running on the server.

Stability: Being accepted into the mainline Linux kernel is a very stringent process. DRBD has been in the kernel since 2009, version 2.6.33

Synchronous: Prior to DRBD’s availability (no pun intended), the only option for synchronous replication was hardware (SAN, NAS devices). The DRBD software can run in synchronous or asynchronous mode, and be used for local replication or Geo Clustering across long distances.

Now that DRBD has tools to provision your storage, scaling out has never been easier. Interested in how this might apply for your projects? Check out some of LINBIT’s  (free) innovative technical documents which describe how to set up a cluster for your specific environment. Have an idea that isn’t covered in the documentation? Reach out to [email protected] and ask if your idea is sane. They’ll consult the LINBIT engineering team, and will point you in the right direction. Most importantly, NEVER settle for unplanned downtime.

Find out more about the costs of downtime in the podcast, The OrionX Download with LINBIT CEO, Brian Hellman.

DRBD and Randtronics DPM

Today we’re happy to announce a new document titled “Block Replication with Filesystem Encryption” which showcases another wonderful use case for DRBD.

Block Replication with Filesystem Encryption

At Hosting Con, back in April of this year, some colleagues of mine ran into some representatives from Randtronics. Randtronics is the company responsible for the DPM (Data Privacy Management) software suite. This software suite provides file encryption, user management, ACLs, and more. I could imagine this software would prove useful to those in fields where data privacy is an absolute must. Fields such as the medical, legal, human resources, or intellectual property, quickly come to mind.

(Graphic is property of Randtronics)

After a brief discussion with us regarding just how versatile DRBD can be it was decided to see if perhaps DRBD could work seamlessly with DPM. Randtronic’s DPM can help protect your data from prying eyes, or those who may wish to steal it, but can it protect your data from system failures? When teamed up with DRBD you can be assured that your data is both secure and available.

I worked briefly with Gary Lansdown of Randtronics to introduce him to asciidoc, but I must give credit to Randtronics for this document.

Would you want to be your own car mechanic?

Data seems to be on everyone’s mind these days.  From employee to financial data, your company has to keep it available through seamless replication — without downtime. LINBIT DRBD is the open source software that ensures High Availability for your enterprise.

Read more

Testing SSD Drives with DRBD: Intel DC 3700 Series

Over the next few weeks we’ll be posting results from tests that we’ve run against various manufactures SSD drives; including Intel, SanDisk, and Micron, to name a few.

The first post in this series goes over our findings of the Intel DC S 3700 Series 800GB SATA SSD drives. Read more

Maximum volume size on DRBD

From time to time we get asked things like this:

I want to use a 10TiB volume with DRBD, is that supported”?

The easiest way to answer things like that is to say look for yourself on the public DRBD usage page – the biggest public device size is ~220TiB, so go figure 😉 Read more

DRBD causes too much CPU-load

The TL;DR version: don’t use data-integrity-alg in a production setup. Read more

Increase vm.min_free_kbytes for better OOM resistance

Depending on your setup and your workload (eg. within a virtual machine with little memory and much I/O) you could get into the situation that the kernel has little memory left, so wants to write some dirty pages to disk, but cannot, because for that it would need some memory free! Read more